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Developing Intra-regional Exchanges through the Abolition of Commercial and Tariff Barriers / L’abolition des barrières commerciales et tarifaires dans la région de l’Océan indien

Myth or Reality? / Mythe ou réalité ?

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Edited By Stéphanie Rohlfing-Dijoux

This book is related to the development of intraregional commercial exchanges in the region of the Indian Ocean. This issue is addressed from an economic as well as from a legal point of view. The contributions, in English and French, aim to present an overview of the economic, customs-related, technical, legal and cultural restraints that hinder the creation of a free trading area.

Cet ouvrage est consacré au développement des échanges commerciaux intrarégionaux dans la région de l’Océan Indien. Cette question est examinée sous un angle politique, économique et juridique. Les différentes contributions, en anglais et en français, visent à établir un état des lieux des freins économiques, douaniers, techniques, juridiques et culturels à la création d’un espace de libre échange.

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The Meaning of Undistorted Competition on a Common Market and the Rules for its Maintenance using the Example of the European Union Competition Rules (Tobias Lettl)

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The Meaning of Undistorted Competition on a Common Market and the Rules for its Maintenance using the Example of the European Union Competition Rules1

Tobias LETTL

The maintenance of undistorted competition is essential for the functioning of a common market (internal market). The speech illustrates the standards of undistorted competition. Subsequently, it will be examined, which rules are necessary to achieve this goal of undistorted competition. As the European Union is an already existing common market that has set such rules, the question will be discussed on the basis of the EU competition rules. These shall guarantee the maintenance of undistorted competition through prohibitions in the scope of (1) cooperation of undertakings with continuing legal independence of the undertakings (cartel prohibition, Art. 101 TFEU), (2) unilateral conduct of an undertaking with a dominant position in a market (prohibition of abuse of a dominant position, Art. 102 TFEU) and (3) mergers of undertakings (Art. 2 ECMR).

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