Developing Intra-regional Exchanges through the Abolition of Commercial and Tariff Barriers / L’abolition des barrières commerciales et tarifaires dans la région de l’Océan indien
Myth or Reality? / Mythe ou réalité ?
This book is related to the development of intraregional commercial exchanges in the region of the Indian Ocean. This issue is addressed from an economic as well as from a legal point of view. The contributions, in English and French, aim to present an overview of the economic, customs-related, technical, legal and cultural restraints that hinder the creation of a free trading area.
Cet ouvrage est consacré au développement des échanges commerciaux intrarégionaux dans la région de l’Océan Indien. Cette question est examinée sous un angle politique, économique et juridique. Les différentes contributions, en anglais et en français, visent à établir un état des lieux des freins économiques, douaniers, techniques, juridiques et culturels à la création d’un espace de libre échange.
Coexistence and Harmonization of Company Laws (Tilman Bezzenberger)
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Coexistence and Harmonization of Company Laws
The law of business associations (companies and partnerships) can affect cross-border exchange and be a commercial barrier, in particular, when it comes to conflicts of laws. This is dealt with in the first part of the following presentation. It will be shown that conflict of laws principles can be liberal or restrictive, and it will also be shown how the European Union has, over the last couple of years, adopted more liberal principles, and why this is a good thing. The second part of the presentation deals with law diversity and law harmonization in multinational economic regions such as the European Union. The company and partnership laws of Europe are still national but they are more and more overshadowed by European Union super law that strives to bring national laws in line with it. This law harmonization process has reduced law diversity in Europe. But on the other hand, law harmonization creates new problems that multiply as the process goes on. These problems are not well understood by European law makers and are spinning out of control in Europe these days.
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