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Developing Intra-regional Exchanges through the Abolition of Commercial and Tariff Barriers / L’abolition des barrières commerciales et tarifaires dans la région de l’Océan indien

Myth or Reality? / Mythe ou réalité ?

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Edited By Stéphanie Rohlfing-Dijoux

This book is related to the development of intraregional commercial exchanges in the region of the Indian Ocean. This issue is addressed from an economic as well as from a legal point of view. The contributions, in English and French, aim to present an overview of the economic, customs-related, technical, legal and cultural restraints that hinder the creation of a free trading area.

Cet ouvrage est consacré au développement des échanges commerciaux intrarégionaux dans la région de l’Océan Indien. Cette question est examinée sous un angle politique, économique et juridique. Les différentes contributions, en anglais et en français, visent à établir un état des lieux des freins économiques, douaniers, techniques, juridiques et culturels à la création d’un espace de libre échange.

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La diversité des droits nationaux dans l’océan Indien, barrière commerciale ou garant d’un droit flexible ? (Jonas Knetsch)

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La diversité des droits nationaux dans l’océan Indien, barrière commerciale ou garant d’un droit flexible ?

Jonas KNETSCH

The variety of national legal systems is generally seen as an important trade barrier that needs to be removed through unification or harmonization of law. This assessment, applied to the legal situation in the Indian Ocean, is somewhat surprising. Erasing the differences between national legislations could lead to a legal impoverishment, both from a cultural and economic point of view. It is indeed far from obvious that legal unification may result in a positive effect for economic exchange. Instead, we have to examine whether the trend towards harmonization could have a negative impact on international trade in the Indian Ocean. Reduced political flexibility and high costs of creating international law are only a few examples of the downside of unified legal systems.

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