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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2016


Edited By Centro di Ateneo per i Diritti Umani

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2016 provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.

The 2016 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy in 2015 by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy's position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.

"Italy and Human Rights in 2015: Universal Ethics, Good Governance and Political Realism" is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. Starting with the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international human rights law plunged onto the world stage with very specific principles and rules, which represent so many points that are essential not only for the legality but also for the sustainability of the political agenda. The universal code of human rights, widely ratified by Italy, presses for a continuous commitment to perfecting the legal order, which has immediate significance for the good governance agenda.

The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2016 represents an updated orientation tool with regards the main initiatives to be undertaken on the legislative, infrastructural and policy-making fronts in order to strengthen the Italian system for promoting and protecting human rights.

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International Human Rights Law


The first Part of the Yearbook is divided into two chapters. The first is devoted to updates concerning the major international human rights instruments that Italy has ratified, as well as to the identification of both those international instruments signed but not ratified by the Country and those adopted in 2015 that have not been subjected to any initiative of acceptance yet.

The framework of Italy’s international obligations takes into consideration the universal conventions adopted within the system of the United Nations, the conventions of the Council of Europe as well as the European Union treaties and secondary law. Accordingly, the information provided are preliminary to the presentation of the national normative apparatus – the Constitution, national and regional laws – which is the subject of the following chapter.

The complete list, updated to December 2015, of the 114 international legal instruments on human rights considered into this publication (43 of the United Nations, 16 on disarmament and non-proliferation and 55 of the Council of Europe) and of Italy’s acceptance status (ratification, signature, no initiative) is available online at, in the section “Attachments”.

I. Legal Instruments of the United Nations

In 2015 Italy deposited the instrument of ratification for the following international instruments: the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (20 February); the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (8 October); and the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness (1...

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