Edited By Joachim Beck
In the context of European integration, cross-border cooperation has become increasingly important. Following both the quantitative and qualitative expansion of this policy-field, it has repeatedly been the subject of scientific analysis in the past. However, as a result of the classical differentiation of the scientific system, it was mostly viewed from a monodisciplinary perspective. This publication aims at the foundation of a trans-disciplinary research approach in the field of European cross-border cooperation. It takes the multi-dimensional reality of practical territorial cooperation in Europe as a starting point and develops a transdisciplinary scientific approach. Based on a common analytic frame of reference, practical patterns of cross-border policy-making in different European border regions are analyzed from the integrated theoretical perspectives of various scientific disciplines: Political Science, Geography, Sociology, History, Law, Cultural Sciences and Socio-Linguistics, Economics and Administrative Science. The scientific conceptualizations are expanded by reports from practitioners coming from different institutional and functional levels of European cross-border policy-making.
Cross-border impact assessment as a bottom-up tool for better regulation (Martin Unfried / Lavinia Kortese)
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Cross-border impact assessment as a bottom-up tool for better regulation
Martin UNFRIED, Lavinia KORTESE
1. Introduction. The objective and background of ITEM’s cross-border impact assessment
Border regions are faced with consequences of European and national legislation and policies that have potential negative or positive effects on, for instance, cross-border cooperation, cross-border economic development or the situation of cross-border workers. For a long time, there has been debate on impact assessments and the territorial dimension of legislation. The European Commission has discussed the topic in the framework of its own impact assessment strategy. In its Better Regulation package adopted in 2015, the Commission has proposed measures to ensure that territorial aspects are factored into policy options (European Commission, 2015). This should happen through the implementation of robust impact assessments of legislation that include territorial elements. The European Commission (n.d.) defines “Territorial Impact Assessment” as the procedure (or method) to “evaluate the likely impact of policies, programmes and projects on the territory, highlighting the importance of the geographic distribution of consequences and effects and considering the spatial developments in Europe”. In this sense, the process of assessing the effects of certain policy or legislation on a cross-border situation can be regarded as a territorial impact assessment. However, the European Commission’s guidance documents do not discuss specific assessment criteria for border regions. National governments have also not yet developed specific tools to measure effects on border regions or to assess potential effects ex...
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