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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration

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Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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Euroregion Cieszyn Silesia

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Cieszyn Silesia is a special region of the Polish-Czech borderland. Originally, the land belonged to the Great Moravian Empire and before 991 it was part of Poland. At the turn of 1289–1290, Cieszyn Silesia achieved the status of the separate Duchy of Teschen, which, was incorporated in 1327 into the Bohemian Kingdom. In 1653, when the Piast dynasty came to an end, the Habsburg dynasty took ownership of the Duchy and it remained in their hands until 1918. At that time a conflict arose between the two new states founded after the demise of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the territorial reduction of Germany: Poland and Czechoslovakia. Cieszyn Silesia was the subject of contestation and on 28 July 1920, it was divided in two parts, following a decision from the Conference of Ambassadors in Spa, Belgium. The consequences of this artificial division of a historically, ethnographically and socially unified region was that thousands of Poles found themselves located in Czechoslovakia – a fact which has significantly influenced mutual Polish-Czech relations resulting in animosities, grudges and conflicts. The intensification of Polish-Czech relations occurred in the divided region after 1989 enabling the establishment of the Cieszyn Silesia Euroregion.

The Euroregion is situated in the borderland area in southern Poland and the north-eastern Czech Republic, in the proximity of Slovakia. It covers an area of 1730 km2 and has a population of 672 000, with 360 000 living on the Czech side and 312 000 on the Polish side. The...

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