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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration


Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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Euroregion Galicia-Região Norte



Located in the north-western corner of the Iberian Peninsula, the Euroregion Galicia- Região Norte, commonly known as Galicia-North of Portugal or Galicia-Northern Portugal, covers the autonomous region of Galicia (Spain) and Região Norte (Portugal). This territory has been perceived historically as consistent, with a common background, such as the Roman province of Gallaecia (set in the 3rd century Common Era (CE)) and the Kingdom of the Suebi with the same name (4th-5th centuries) that persisted in complex manner across the Early Middle Ages. This kingdom was later the origin of Portugal, with the self-proclaimed kingdom in 1139 by Afonso Henriques. The Treaty of Alcañices in 1297 between Castile and Portugal supports the idea that the Spanish-Portuguese boundary is allegedly one of the oldest in the world; nevertheless, a modern idea of a boundary as a fixed international limit, such is the general case in Europe, dates from the 19th and even the 20th century. This common historical background makes that Galicia and Região Norte share cultural, symbolic, and linguistic elements (although sociologically considered today as different languages, Galician and Portuguese are, from a philological and linguistic point of view, conceived as one and the same).

With the river Douro as a limit in the South, the cross-border region has around 50 000 km2 (21 288 km2 in Região Norte and 29 574 km2 in Galicia) and a population of approximately 6.5 million inhabitants (around 3.7 million in Região Norte and...

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