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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration

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Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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Polish-Ukrainian Border

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The Polish-Ukrainian border is with 526 km the longest eastern border of Poland. It belongs to newly formed national border lines as it was demarcated only after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the independence of Ukraine in the 1990s. However, it was the point of conflict and contestation in Polish-Ukrainian relations. Two centuries ago, this multi-ethnic and multi-religious borderland was part of Galicia in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. After the First World War the West Ukrainian People’s Republic was declared and Poland and Ukraine were fighting for Lviv. Thanks to the commitment of many young Polish gymnasium and university students, who became known in the collective memory as “Lviv Eaglets”, the city stayed under Polish rule. Ukraine as the Soviet Socialistic Republic has become part of the Soviet Union and the Polish-Ukrainian border changed to a Polish-Soviet one.

During the Second World War, the Polish-Ukrainian nationalist struggles in Galicia have revived and resulted in massive violence against Polish civilians committed by the Ukrainian Insurgent Party (UPA) in Volhynia in 1943. In the aftermath of the Second World War, the Polish-Soviet border shifted westwards and thousands of Poles were resettled to Poland, most of them to the northern and western border areas taken from Germany as a compensation for the lost eastern borderlands (Kresy). Furthermore, in 1947 within the so-called Operation Vistula (Akcja Wisła) of the Polish communist government the Ukrainian minority, including Boykos and Lemkos, was compulsorily resettled from the southeastern provinces of Poland...

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