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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration


Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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Pyrenees-Mediterranean Euroregion



Created in 2004, the Pyrenees-Mediterranean Euroregion is made up of three member-regions: Occitanie, Catalonia and the Balearic Islands. It has a population of 15 million and a GDP of 362,372 million euros.

The Pyrenees-Mediterranean Euroregion set up a European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) in 2009, which became operational in 2010. It has been run from Perpignan since 2017, and it has a general secretariat in Barcelona. The latter has supported a number of projects of different scales in its region. In support of innovation and economic and social integration, the organisation aims to encourage sustainable development in the region, and more generally to promote solidarity between citizens and help them feel connected to Europe.

The Euroregion’s priorities are innovation and economic development. It supports the creation, establishment and development of companies on its territory. Numerous projects have been carried out in recent years, including the “Creamed” project, which encourages economic development by linking local businesses to tools and common objectives to support them. The result is the creation of a Euroregional incubator network, covering 98 % of business incubators in the four member regions, which amounts to 89 incubators and 1 400 young start-ups and businesses. In 2014, the project was awarded on a European level, and won 1st prize for interregional cooperation projects awarded by the European Committee of the Regions. Two other ongoing projects were founded as a result: Links Up (2016–2019) and Kiss Me (2017–2021).

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