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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration


Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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Transnational Cooperation (TNC)


Transnational Cooperation (TNC) is one of the three strands of the 2014–2020 European Territorial Cooperation (ETC) objective of the European Union (EU)’s Cohesion Policy. ETC (or Interreg) is the financial tool for achieving cohesion in the EU: this tool provides funding for projects which implement structural activities in regions. EU cohesion could be concretely translated into EU-identity, sense of belonging, solidarity, reduction of disparities.

TNC is split up in 15 rather large program areas. They sometimes coincide with a macro-regional strategy (e.g. Danube), sometimes with a sea-basin strategy (e.g. Atlantic) and sometimes they are designed ←784 | 785→for parts of EU states that are situated outside of Europe and include large non-European territories (Indian Ocean). Sometimes they are rather new (Central Europe) and sometimes they have a long-standing history formulating territorial challenges: for example, North-West Europe (NWE) has emerged from a cooperation between planners, the so-called the Conference for Spatial Planning in North-Western Europe (CRONWE) which started in 1955. TNC can be seen as one of the results from the debate on European spatial development, which was reflected in the European Spatial Development Perspective (ESDP) in 1999. The definition of the 2000–2006 TNC program strategies, such as the North Sea Region (NSR) and the North West Europe (NWE), were based on the ESDP and selection criteria for projects referred to it. Later, this debate continued as the debate on territorial cohesion reflected in the EU territorial agenda.

Some TNC...

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