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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration

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Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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EuRegion West/Nyugat Pannonia

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The area of the EuRegion West/Nyugat Pannonia was divided by the Treaty of Trianon after the First World War and later by the Iron Curtain. Cross-border relations and contacts between Austria and Hungary emerged even before the official foundation of the Euroregion. The first cross-border contacts were implemented in the 1980s between the Austrian province Burgenland and the Hungarian counties Győr-Moson-Sopron and Vas. A further important step was taken when the Cross-Border Regional Council was established in 1992 which could be seen as a kind of predecessor to the Euroregion. The mandate of the Council lasted until 1998, whereafter the participants decided that cross-border cooperation should be lifted to a higher institutionalized level. Subsequently, the agreement establishing the EuRegio West/Nyugat Pannonia was signed in 1998 in Eisenstadt, the capital of Burgenland and the Euroregion was identified as the main initiator and promoter of cross-border cooperation. The contemporary size of the Euroregion has been achieved in 1999, when the third Hungarian county, Zala, also joined the cooperation. As such, every region of Western Transdanubia is now involved.

This cooperation involves four regions from two European Union (EU) member states, Győr-Moson-Sopron County, Burgenland, Zala County and Vas County. With approximately 986 000 citizens, the Hungarian part of the Euroregion represents a significantly bigger population (around 77 %) than the Austrian part (292 000 citizens, around 23 %). Moreover, the most important towns are located on the Hungarian side, while tGyőr-Moson-Sopron County and Burgenland have the...

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