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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration

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Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg

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Situated on French territory, less than 4 km from the French-Swiss border, EuroAirport is one of the few examples of binational airports in the world. Initially baptised Basel-Mulhouse, it only took the name EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg in 1987 to underline the proximity of three cities belonging to three different countries. However, the binational character of the airport predates the construction of the Single European Sky in the 2000s, which involves a joint management of air traffic on the European level.

The airport is considered a symbol of French-Swiss cooperation. Shortly after the end of the Second World War, the cantonal authorities in Basel decided to build an airport to meet new traffic requirements. As it was difficult to find a site large enough on Swiss territory and close to the city, the local authorities considered cooperating with the French authorities. An international agreement signed in 1949 created an institution under public international law. The infrastructure was built on French territory according to the following rules: the French state would provide the land for equipment and access infrastructure, while the Helvetic Confederation would finance the operations. This distribution of roles was still in force when the airport was expanded in 1970 and 2002, and when the old terminal was refurbished in 2012. The specificity of the equipment is that it is managed jointly by the French and Swiss authorities. The board of directors is composed of an equal number of members of the two states (8 for each)...

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