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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration


Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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Eurodistrict of Catalan Cross-Border Space



The cross-border Catalan space is made up of the Pyrénées-Orientales French department and the counties in the Girona province, bringing together 447 municipalities and 13 historic regions on either side of the border. It was founded through the political will of elected representatives from north and south of the border in 2006.

The area covers 10 246 km2 and has over 1 200 000 inhabitants. The creation of this space by public authorities on either side of the border is the result of a desire to harmonise and structure this cross-border area through the implementation of shared cooperation strategies. The ultimate goal of this approach was to create a Eurodistrict, in order to offer further funding and resources to encourage new cooperation projects to emerge. It legitimised the existence of the cross-border Catalan space in both political and legal terms, while receiving greater influence and European support.

The Eurodistrict continues to be developed. Piloted by the General Council of the Pyrénées-Orientales and the Regional Government of Catalonia, it should make it easier to establish harmonisation and structuring processes within the Cross-border Catalan Space. Moreover, the technical and financial support offered by this type of cross-border organisation should allow more ambitious cooperation projects to emerge. It is worth highlighting the strong links between the north and the south of the Pyrenees, which are rooted in Catalan language and culture. In November 2010, twenty institutions in the Eurodistrict approved the statutes of...

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