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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration


Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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The Euro-Institut is a Franco-German non-profit organisation based in Kehl (Germany) whose mission is to facilitate cross-border cooperation in the Franco-German-Swiss Upper Rhine Region. The Euro-Institut is both a concrete example of cross-border cooperation through its operating model and a support structure for cooperation through its activities. The binational aspect extends to the entire functioning of the structure. It has been created in 1993 by the Land of Baden-Württemberg, the French Republic, the Alsace Region (now Grand Est), the Department of Lower Rhine, the Urban Community (now Eurometropolis) of Strasbourg, the City of Kehl, the Robert Schuman University (now University of Strasbourg) and the University of Applied Sciences Kehl (initiator of the project). The Ortenaukreis joined in 1996. Constituting the supervisory board, these members gather twice a year as a decision-making body. The repartition of the votes respects a strict equality between the German and French members. The management and the team are also binational.

At first created under the legal form of a European Economic Interest Grouping (EEIG) through the Interreg I and II programs, it became in 2003 a concrete application of the Karlsruhe Agreement, the first Local Grouping for Cross-Border Cooperation (LGCC) seated in Baden-Württemberg. Its financing is also cross-border, as it is supported by its members as well as by the services it sells.

The Euro-Institut’s activities include training, counselling, support, research and networking. While they are addressed primarily to French, German and Swiss public officials, they may...

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