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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration


Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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Eurometropolis Lille-Kortrjik-Tournai



A specificity of the Eurometropolis Lille-Kortrijk-Tournai is its double and original dyad. It is located at the national border between France and Belgium but also at the border between Flanders and Wallonia, two Belgian regions. The context of federalisation and linguistic-cultural disparities in Belgium is meaningful in the governance complexity of the European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC).

For more than two centuries, local interactions between France and Belgium have continuously enhanced economic and urban development in this region. With over two million inhabitants distributed over 152 heterogenous municipalities, a flourishing business and tourism sector, a network of innovative Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) and investments in information and communication technology, the Eurometropolis belongs today to the few cross-border areas that tend to concentrate metropolitan functions in Europe. According to the 2007 report of the European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion (ESPON), the morphological urban area of Lille contains 953 000 inhabitants in its French part and is connected to Kortrijk (151 000 inhabitants) in Flanders and Tournai (67 000 inhabitants) in Wallonia. This urban structure is remarkable for two simultaneous trends: First, metropolitan development takes place in Lille including Belgian border areas. Second, the interconnection of the three urban economies progressively creates a tri-regional area. The complementarity can be illustrated by stable cross-border flows of both workers and students.

The late 1980s, a coalition of political leaders and economic stakeholders committed to cross-border cooperation with the aim of coming out of...

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