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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration

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Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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European Cross-Border Convention (ECBC)

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The proposals for the European Cross-border Convention (ECBC) was initially discussed in 2013 between the incoming EU Presidencies and became then part of the Trio Presidency Program of Italy, Latvia and Luxembourg (second semester 2014 to the second semester 2015) initiating concrete measures fostering territorial cohesion. In parallel, the Governance Committee of the Council of Europe and academic research addressed the principle of mutual recognition in the context of cross-border cooperation. However, the conclusion of the ministerial meeting on 26–27 November 2015 under the Luxembourgish Presidency proposed the ECBC to support border areas, recognizing that their development potential is not fully explored. The Seventh Cohesion Report (2017) estimates that the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in regions along borders could be up to 18 %higher in comparison to a non-border situation. Inventories such as the Cross-Border Review of EU Commission, the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalière (MOT) or the Central European Service for Cross-border Initiatives (CESCI) show an extensive list of examples for administrative and legal obstacles along borders such as, norms and rules for trams, ambulance or other services, or the criteria for the zoning of noise protection areas for wind-parks or the delineation Natura 2000 zones are negatively impacting the development potential along borders. The objective of the proposed procedure and tool of the ECBC is to help find solutions to administrative and legal obstacles in border regions.

Following the ministerial meeting, Luxembourg and France, with the support of MOT, received the mandate to...

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