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Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration


Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel

This Critical Dictionary on Borders, Cross-Border Cooperation and European Integration is the first encyclopaedia which combines two so far not well interconnected interdisciplinary research fields, i.e. Border Studies and European Studies. Organised in an alphabetical order, it contains 207 articles written by 115 authors from different countries and scientific disciplines which are accompanied by 58 maps. The articles deal with theory, terminology, concepts, actors, themes and spaces of neighbourhood relations at European borders and in borderlands of and around the European Union (EU). Taking into account a multi-scale perspective from the local to the global, the Critical Dictionary follows a combined historical-geographical approach and is co-directed by Birte Wassenberg and Bernard Reitel, with a large contribution of Jean Peyrony and Jean Rubio from the Mission opérationnelle transfrontalère (MOT), especially for the cartography. The Dictionary is also part of four Jean Monnet activities supported by the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union for the period 2016-2022: two Jean Monnet projects on EU border regions (University Strasbourg), one Jean Monnet network (Frontem) and the Franco-German Jean Monnet excellence Center in Strasbourg, as well as the Jean Monnet Chair of Bernard Reitel on borders and European integration. Rather than being designed as an objective compilation of facts and figures, it should serve as a critical tool for discussion between researchers, students and practitioners working in the field of borders, cross-border cooperation and European Integration.

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European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC)


The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) is a European legal instrument for facilitating and promoting territorial cooperation (cross-border, transnational and interregional). It makes it possible to set up bodies with legal personality and financial autonomy linking public entities (states, regional and local authorities, etc.), as well as businesses providing public services. This entity can be responsible for the governance of the cross-border cooperation undertaken by the members and run the projects for them with or without financial participation from the European Union (EU).

An EGTC is governed by three main types of provisions: Regulation (EC) No 1082/2006, as amended by Regulation (EU) No 1302/2013 (having increased its autonomy and capacity); founding agreement and statutes provisions; and the national law of the member state in which the EGTC is registered. It must comprise at least an assembly made up of representatives of its members and a director who represents it. Other organs, such as an office or a consultative council, may be set up optionally.

In 2004, the work of preparing a legal instrument has begun under the initiative of Michel Barnier, European Commissioner for Regional Policy and with the broad support of the European Parliament, the Committee of the Regions and the associations of regional and local authorities. This legislative innovation was created by Regulation (EC) No 1082/2006 concomitantly with the programming of the EU structural funds for the 2007–2013 period. It was fully aligned with the development of European...

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