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Dimensions of Cultural Security for National and Linguistic Minorities

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Edited By Jean-Rémi Carbonneau, Fabian Jacobs and Ines Keller

Cultural security is a basic need for individuals belonging to national and linguistic minorities. Structurally exposed to asymmetric power dynamics, these minorities compete with the larger society for material and non-material resources, rendering their future perspectives particularly precarious. This book brings researchers from different social sciences together to examine the notion of cultural security and its meaning for different national and linguistic minorities through multiple case studies in Europe, Asia, North and South America. The cultural security of these minorities comprises various dimensions, including institutional and territorial arrangements, state stability, as well as different patterns of citizen belonging and participation. Through the prism of these dimensions, the contributors to this book present a variety of strategies of cultural resilience, societal structures and institutional frameworks allowing national and linguistic minorities to secure a certain degree of cultural autonomy and develop a sense of belonging to their respective states. Cultural security is an inescapable condition for the fair and sustained development of both minorities and majorities in today’s societies characterized by deep diversity.

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17 “Scope” of Linguistic Resources and the Social Participation of the Ukrainian Population in the Republic of Moldova

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ANNA-CHRISTINE WEIRICH

Abstract: In the Soviet Union, titular languages of the Republics, like Moldovan in the Moldavian Socialist Soviet Republic (MSSR), were fostered. At the same time, social and individual elaboration of Russian as the lingua franca of the Soviet people was promoted. Virtually no attention was paid to minoritized linguistic groups within the various Republics, such as Ukrainians in the MSSR. In 1991, when the Republic of Moldova became independent, language policy underwent important changes. The process of “normalization” of the new state language Moldovan/Romanian was set off and a number of minority rights were put into place. However, education in a minority language is today restricted to schools with Russian as language of instruction whereby a “double minoration” is being reproduced and the resources of the state language are hardly accessible. The example of a Ukrainian speaking village is taken into consideration in this chapter to discuss the problem of “double minoration” by way of the notions of “accessibility” and “reachability”, which offer a practiceoriented conceptualization of linguistic inequalities. Finally, commonalities and differences between this theoretical framework and cultural security are being discussed.

Keywords: cultural security, participation, sociolinguistic inequalities, linguistic minorities, Republic of Moldova, Ukrainian, Russian, Romanian.

The Republic of Moldova is a small and multilingual state that acquired independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By means of three interdependent language laws that were constitutive of the process of becoming an independent state, official monolingualism in Romanian/Moldovan was installed. Language policies...

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