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Evolving regional values and mobilities in global contexts

The emergence of new (Eur-)Asian regions and dialogues with Europe


Edited By Pierre Chabal, Yann Alix and Kuralay Baizakova

This book analyses the gradual fusion of Europe and Asia into a Eurasian dynamic combining institutional and identity aspects. The seventh in a series of Europe–Asia conferences covering regime dynamics, cooperation policies, regional competition, the limits of regions, mutual understanding and cross-border exchanges, it shows that Eurasian continental developments are outgrowing sub-region designations such as Western Europe, Southeast Asia, East Asia and Central Asia.

Ten years ago, before the launch of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), regional dynamics seemed clearly delineated, especially with inter-state groupings mapping out space – the EU, the ASEAN, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) – and organisations overseeing pan-continental competition such as the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building in Asia (CICA), the Eurasian Economic Union, etc. Today, the less institutional and more macro-economic scheme of an infrastructure and transport network coined as "China’s BRI" changes the research environment.

Gathering about thirty scholars from a dozen Eurasian countries, this book contains views from East Asia (Mongolia, China), Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan), Western Europe (France, Belgium), Eastern Europe (Poland, Romania, Hungary, Turkey) and the Caucasus (Azerbaijan). Asia and Europe can no longer be understood except as Eurasian sub-entities. Multi-dimensionally, the book draws from history, international economic relations, politics, geography, economics, cultural studies, public and private law, business studies, peace and conflict studies, public administration, and even literary criticism to tackle the question: what is Eurasia?

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The Eurasian policies of Russia, Turkey and the EU in regional contexts: Esra LaGro and Hakan Cavlak



This chapter explores the Eurasian policies of three main actors in regional context. It identifies challenges and provides insights for potential present and future developments through a complex geopolitical, geo-economic and geostrategic matrix inherent to Eurasia. Russia, Turkey and the European Union (EU) have interests that at times overlap and at times contradict each other while shaping their policy dynamics in the region next to other actors. Currently, Turkey is relatively less effective despite its geopolitical weight, while Russia is a hard-core actor and the EU a soft power regional actors. Varying interests include security, energy…

Eurasia is a much-contested concept. Several definitions suggest historical, geographical, political, strategic nuances depending on users whether in scholarship or in politics. There is not one but many definitions of Eurasia. From a one-dimensional point of view, (i) a small Eurasia consists of Russia, Kazakhstan and Turkey as the main nation-states that have long identified themselves as Eurasian1. Hence our focus on Russia and Turkey. For some (ii) the “greater” Eurasia in the current world order covers Europe and Asia as a supercontinent but for some (iii) Eurasia covers Asia and part of Europe. This chapter considers that

Eurasia is the world’s axial supercontinent. A power that dominated Eurasia would exercise decisive influence over two of the world’s three most economically productive regions, Western Europe and East Asia. A country dominant in Eurasia would almost automatically control the Middle East and Africa2.

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