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Evolving regional values and mobilities in global contexts

The emergence of new (Eur-)Asian regions and dialogues with Europe

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Edited By Pierre Chabal, Yann Alix and Kuralay Baizakova

This book analyses the gradual fusion of Europe and Asia into a Eurasian dynamic combining institutional and identity aspects. The seventh in a series of Europe–Asia conferences covering regime dynamics, cooperation policies, regional competition, the limits of regions, mutual understanding and cross-border exchanges, it shows that Eurasian continental developments are outgrowing sub-region designations such as Western Europe, Southeast Asia, East Asia and Central Asia.

Ten years ago, before the launch of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), regional dynamics seemed clearly delineated, especially with inter-state groupings mapping out space – the EU, the ASEAN, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) – and organisations overseeing pan-continental competition such as the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building in Asia (CICA), the Eurasian Economic Union, etc. Today, the less institutional and more macro-economic scheme of an infrastructure and transport network coined as "China’s BRI" changes the research environment.

Gathering about thirty scholars from a dozen Eurasian countries, this book contains views from East Asia (Mongolia, China), Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan), Western Europe (France, Belgium), Eastern Europe (Poland, Romania, Hungary, Turkey) and the Caucasus (Azerbaijan). Asia and Europe can no longer be understood except as Eurasian sub-entities. Multi-dimensionally, the book draws from history, international economic relations, politics, geography, economics, cultural studies, public and private law, business studies, peace and conflict studies, public administration, and even literary criticism to tackle the question: what is Eurasia?

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General conclusion: Pierre Chabal and Qiqige Tumen

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PIERRE CHABAL AND QIQIGE TUMEN

Attempting to both remind the reader of the main points developed above and to subsume them into “lessons” to be drawn from this Eurasian account of Asia and Europe, one can strive to give the conceptual substance of the various chapters and draw the reader’s attention to their broad and mutual “echoes”.

As innovative methodology (A. Kazhenova), factors of absence of integration in Central Asia in two decades after independence are still useful to understand progress today. Similar points of tension operate but in a context of general good will confirming the long-existing hypothesis that nation-(re)building and region-(neo)building cannot be concomitant but sequential. This is the shade of meaning between (eternal) regions and modern regions.

The contemporary organisational reality (J. Nicharapova) is one whereby large organisations in Central Asia (led by China and Russia) operate with real (hidden) intentions that are to be uncovered through their concrete results (quantified or quantifiable). To be sure, the region is being built with a substantial degree of manipulation of smaller member-states by larger ones, but arguably what matters is that it is making regional progress among all.

Novelty in Eurasian international relations (M. Raś) is the role played and displayed by sub-state entities (regions) that serve diplomacy through economic/trade small steps. A focus on Russia’s far eastern regions, among several illustrative cases, confirms this. As a result, a new trend is emerging whereby, as counterparts, regions...

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