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Frères et sœurs du Moyen Âge à nos jours / Brothers and Sisters from the Middle Ages to the Present


Edited By Fabrice Boudjaaba, Christine Dousset and Sylvie Mouysset

Les fratries ont-elles une histoire ? Longtemps oubliées par l’historiographie, elles suscitent aujourd’hui un intérêt grandissant chez les historiens, dont témoigne cet ouvrage collectif riche d’une trentaine de contributions issues de deux colloques internationaux. Mal connus, frères et sœurs tiennent pourtant une place centrale au sein des relations familiales. En privilégiant la longue durée et un vaste ensemble géographique, de l’Amérique du Nord à l’Europe, les éditeurs du volume ont voulu saisir leur histoire en confrontant des systèmes de parenté différents et en perpétuelle transformation. Définir et mesurer les fratries, les analyser comme une ressource en associant stratégies collectives et trajectoires individuelles, vivre et représenter la fraternité enfin : autant de pistes suivies par les auteurs attentifs à ne pas oublier les sœurs. Grâce à la variété des études rassemblées ici, écrire l’histoire du lien fraternel offre l’opportunité de renouveler l’approche de l’évolution des systèmes de parenté en même temps que celle des relations familiales.

Do brotherhood and sisterhood have a history? They have long been forgotten by historiography but now are benefitting from a growing interest from historians. This collective work, with thirty contributions from historians from different countries, testifies to this new interest. Although badly known, brothers and sisters occupy a central place in family relations. By emphasizing the long term and a large geographical area, from North America to Europe, the editors of this volume wish to seize their history by confronting different systems of kinship that are constantly evolving. To define and measure sibling relationships, to analyze them as a resource through the association of collective strategies and individual trajectories, to live and represent brother and sisterhood: these are the paths followed by the authors who have been careful not to forget sisters. Thanks to the variety of the studies assembled here, writing the history of fraternal relations offers the opportunity to renew approaches to the evolution of both kinship and family relations.

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Sibling Destinies : an Analysis of Brothers’ and Sisters’ Home-Staying and Home-Leaving Behaviour in 1871 and 1881 Canada


Lisa DILLON, Cynthia LEWIS, Marianne CARON

Introduction and literature review

During the decade framed by the 1871 and 1881 Censuses of Canada, the debut of Canada’s last quarter century of the Victorian era, Canadians witnessed dramatic social and economic transformations : high rates of outmigration to the United States, modest growth supported mainly by natural increase, industrialization, the growth of cities and early signs of fertility decline among select groups. The decade also witnessed continuities : large proportions of the population continued to labour on family farms, and practice the family and inheritance strategies observed generations earlier.

The point in the family life cycle when children reached adulthood provides an important window on how families reacted to these broader changes. Parents and children faced a challenging moment when children came of age and their own economic and psychological needs and living arrangement preferences potentially conflicted with those of their parents. Although researchers have studied household composition and family interdependencies in particular areas of Canada during this period, we still know relatively little at a national and inter-provincial level about how young adults and their parents confronted coming of age in terms of continued co-residence, early marriage or early leaving home. We know even less about how these transitions were negotiated vis-à-vis the competing interests of siblings. In this high fertility society, the presence of siblings, each with their own set of needs and preferences, and the need for parents to accommodate all their...

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