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Bauen und Erhalten in al-Andalus

Bau- und Restaurierungspraxis in der Moschee-Kathedrale von Córdoba

Francine Giese

Die Moschee-Kathedrale von Córdoba zählt zu den Hauptwerken spanisch-islamischer Architektur und markiert als erster Monumentalbau von al-Andalus den Beginn einer der fruchtbarsten Phasen westislamischer Architektur. Welches sind die bautechnologischen Merkmale des Baus und wie ist er innerhalb der islamischen Architektur zu verorten? Welche Veränderungen durchlief die umaiyadische Hauptmoschee von Córdoba nach ihrer Weihung zur Kathedrale im Jahre 1236 und inwiefern beeinflusste diese neue Nutzungsphase die Denkmalpflegestrategien des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts? Eine kritische Untersuchung der Bau- und Restaurierungspraxis in der einst wichtigsten Moschee des islamischen Westens bietet neue Erkenntnisse zur Architektur von al-Andalus und dem nicht immer einfachen Umgang Spaniens mit seinem islamischen Erbe.

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5 Summary

Admitted in November 2015 as Habilitation treatise from the University of Bern, this research focuses on the Great Mosque of Cordoba founded in 785 by Umayyad ՙAbd ar-Raḥmān I. In nearly two centuries, it grew to become one of the most monumental mosques in the Islamic world, testifying to the former political and cultural importance of the metropolis at Guadalquivir River, before it was transformed into a cathedral in 1236. The re-use of the Umayyad mosque by the Catholic Church implicated a series of constructional adaptions. Simultaneously, the status of the building changed: having memorialised the former glory of the Umayyad caliphate of al-Andalus before the re-conquest of Cordoba, it now became a landmark for the victory of the Catholic Church. How has the Islamic building withstood this process of re-use? How much of its original material was preserved and what role did the new premises play in its conservation?

In-depth studies are called for to find answers to these questions. A precise knowledge of the actual construction of the building in the 8th to 10th centuries is necessary in order to clarify the restorations made by the architects of the 19th and 20th centuries. For this reason, the Islamic building has first been minutely analysed. The aim was not to provide a compilation and history of its building technique, nor to document every single step in the process of restoration during the past two centuries. Rather, the approach was to critically...

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