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History of Vocational Education and Training in Europe

Cases, Concepts and Challenges


Edited By Esther Berner and Philipp Gonon

Understanding today’s Vocational Education and Training (VET) systems requires a comprehension of the rise and development, i.e. of the foundations of topical VET. This book provides a comparative view of its development in Europe. The contributions of renowned authors give insight into conceptual questions, cases and challenges in this field.

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The Social Conventions of Guidance as a Major Component of Lifelong Learning Systems. A French-Danish-British Comparison


Abstract: The European Union promotes lifelong learning among its member states. For several reasons, guidance is becoming a major component of VET policies. Also the societal contextualisation of this European recommendation is a major challenge for both the European strategy and the sociological analysis. Against this background this chapter presents the social conventions characterising the ideal-typical regimes of lifelong learning, with particular emphasis on the role of guidance schemes as interface institutions between educational and training systems and their participants. By a second stage, it deals with national configurations which are influenced by increasingly diversified political orientations. The French situation provides a good example to be contrasted to the Danish and British models. In reality, each national guidance system is a composite, varying over time and space, of these different typical regimes and conventions.

1.  Introduction

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