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History of Vocational Education and Training in Europe

Cases, Concepts and Challenges

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Edited By Esther Berner and Philipp Gonon

Understanding today’s Vocational Education and Training (VET) systems requires a comprehension of the rise and development, i.e. of the foundations of topical VET. This book provides a comparative view of its development in Europe. The contributions of renowned authors give insight into conceptual questions, cases and challenges in this field.

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Comparison of Historical Development Pathways of Initial Vocational Education and Training in Lithuania and Germany: How Does History Matter for Policy Learning?

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Abstract: This paper reveals the importance of considering differences in the historical development of pathways to initial VET for policy learning. It refers to the actual application of the experience of dual apprenticeship from Germany in the implementation of apprenticeship in the school-based initial VET system in Lithuania. Pathways of the historical development of initial VET in Germany and Lithuania are compared in the period from the second half of the 19th century to date, considering: relationships between “macro-context” factors and conditions (social, economic, cultural), the development of institutional VET frameworks, social dialogue and cooperation between stakeholders, VET policies, and the impact of crucial institutional, political and social changes and transitions.

1.  Introduction

Reforming initial VET systems requires different know-how of: VET policy design and implementation, curriculum design, development of institutional frameworks, social partnership and other fields. Countries that reform their VET systems look for this know-how in countries that have already implemented targeted measures. The Europeanization of VET reforms and VET policies (e.g. implementation of the European Qualifications Framework for Lifelong Learning, ECVET) also enhance the application of different policy borrowing and policy learning approaches referring to countries of various “apparent good practices” as sources of ideas. The paper reveals the importance of considering differences in the historical development pathways of initial VET and apprenticeships for policy learning in the implementation of apprenticeships in a school-based VET system. This is exemplified by a ← 511 | 512 → comparative analysis of the historical pathways of VET...

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