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Schooling and Education in Lebanon

Syrian and Syrian Palestinian Refugees Inside and Outside the Camps

Nina Maadad and Grant Rodwell

This book provides insights into the education and schooling of Syrian and Palestinian Syrian children inside and outside Lebanese refugee camps. It describes what is happening to these children and young refugees in terms of their schooling. Investigating the perspectives of children, their parents, teachers, community leaders, and state politicians and bureaucrats on the schooling provisions and educational opportunities for refugee children in Lebanon, this book reveals the condition of social disadvantage that Syrian and Syrian Palestinian refugee children and their families are experiencing in Lebanon. Maadad and Rodwell propose the idea of the pedagogy of the displaced that recognises socio-economic disadvantage and refocuses the nature of the learner and their learning and the philosophy of teaching. A collaborative action of society – the refugee families, the schools, the communities, the host state, the international aid agencies and the rest of the world – in addressing the barriers to education and schooling of the refugee children must break ground and be sustained.

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Chapter Three: The Provision of Schooling and Challenges for Education for Refugees Inside and Outside Camps in Lebanon


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The Provision of Schooling and Challenges for Education for Refugees Inside and Outside Camps in Lebanon

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Syrian refugee children suffer from the lack of provision of schooling, as distinct from education. Families, peer groups, and various other informal networks provide some form of education to these children. This chapter draws a distinction between the meanings of the words “schooling” and “education”, so as to highlight the suffering and negative influences for refugees in Lebanon, where large sections of the population are deprived of formal schooling. Schooling is culture-bound and not universally accepted. (On the other hand, all societies have developed systems of education, although the idea of the school came much later, and during the second part of the twentieth century it came under challenge).

This chapter also presents the Lebanese government’s response plans in partnership with the UNHCR on schooling provisions and education schemes for refugee children.

Schooling and education

Schooling and education are not synonymous. Education happens even outside of schools. As in many developed countries, the notion of “schooling” is decidedly associated with paradigms of control and personality development within a formal setup. Schooling entails the implemention of a curricula that allows students to gain desired learning competencies that enable them to acquire a certificate at the culmination of schooling. It cannot be denied that sometimes, the most “schooled” happen to be...

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