Edited By Mirjam Zbinden, Janine Dahinden and Adnan Efendic
This interdisciplinary volume gathers recent work related to the diverse migratory movements in South-East Europe. The contributions address current aspects of emigration, immigration, transit migration and return from different disciplinary vantage points. They impressively demonstrate that South-East Europe is a highly dynamic migration region marked by a multiplicity of migration-related processes fuelled by global and especially European developments.
«This edited book presents an illuminating and stimulating range of essays on a key European and global region which has experienced an extraordinary diversity of migration types and regimes in recent decades. Employing an innovative range of methodologies, the contributions show that South-East Europe is no longer to be seen as a ‘problematic’ space of emigration and transit but as a theatre for highly dynamic mobility phenomena.» (Russell King, Professor of Geography, University of Sussex)
«This thought-provoking book makes an important contribution to understanding migration processes from, within and through South-East Europe. The innovative research approach and new insights about diversity of human mobility in the region described in the book will resonate with scholars, policymakers and broader readership within and beyond the region.» (Hariz Halilovich, Associate Professor of Anthropology, RMIT University, Melbourne)
«The thorough theoretical and empirical contributions of this volume reveal South-East Europe as a highly diversified European space of complex migration regimes and processes beyond the image of the "troubled", "ethno-national" Balkans. This timely book impressively shows how good scholarship both critically re-assesses knowledge production and points to inequalities and hierarchies on different scales.» (Jelena Tosic, Researcher and lecturer in Social Anthropology, Universities of Vienna and Berne)
The Determinants of Economic Emigration, with Special Reference to Kosovo
In this chapter we examine determinants of households’ choice between two alternatives: intending to send at least one or one additional member abroad for economic reasons or not. The empirical analysis is based on migration intentions and is the first in the field of Kosovan migration to be based on a random sample stemming from the Kosovo census of population conducted in 2011. The results obtained are largely in line with theoretical expectations, providing support for the household approach. The probability of emigration is greater among middle-income households compared to low and high-income households. Households that have a higher share of those under the age of 16 (a proxy for the household budget constraint), whose head has less than higher education, that perceive the household economic situation to have remained the same, are larger in size, and have no networks are more likely to emigrate. Together these findings suggest that emigration seems to be a household decision, that it follows specific selection behaviours and has important implications for economic development in Kosovo. Some policies are outlined that could better manage and use economic migration.
Keywords: migration intentions, Kosovo, household perspective, probability
Despite continuous economic growth, driven mainly by accelerating remittances and foreign direct investment (FDI) while donor support has been declining, the development of the Kosovan economy still faces severe challenges. The unemployment rate and the poverty rate remain high, leading to strong migration pressure still being a key characteristic of...
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