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Vocational Education beyond Skill Formation

VET between Civic, Industrial and Market Tensions

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Edited By Fernando Marhuenda-Fluixá

Vocational education and training has played an important role in the struggles between Work and Capital along history and today; there are examples of such tensions worldwide. The first section of this book provides illustrations of different countries from the 18th to the early 20th century. The authors explain and exemplify the education of the workforce and its political engagement, contributing to the formation of the working class. The chapters provide relevant approaches to how young apprentices and adult workers developed a class consciousness through vocational education. The second section illustrates practices of resistance and transformation within policies and practices of vocational education nowadays in Central and Southern Europe and South America, addressing the needs of people with disabilities and dispossessed populations. The final section analyses how theories and policies intertwine resulting in the idiosyncrasy of vocational education practices across the world, through tensions between logics and institutional actors. The book addresses the political dimensions of Vocational Education and problematizes its mere consideration as an instrumental tool in skill formation.

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VET Challenges in Local Development: The UDATMA Case in Ecuador (Vicente Palop-Esteban)

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VICENTE PALOP-ESTEBAN

VET Challenges in Local Development: The UDATMA Case in Ecuador1

This chapter is based on the fieldwork performed in 2014 for the completion of a PhD. The thesis title is “Vocational Education and Training and its Focus on Local Development” (Palop Esteban, 2015). During my PhD, I conducted qualitative fieldwork in six different places in Ecuador. One of these observations was the Unit of Agricultural Development, Tourism and Environment (UDATMA) and its link to the Marcabelí municipality in Ecuador, South America. UDATMA and Marcabelí were elected for fieldwork because we found several indicators that it could provide significant data for the social development, (e. g. minimum rates of Unsatisfied Basic Needs – UBN) as well as highlighting the local initiative for creating an ecological international market from the local municipally.

The UDATMA choice is a significant accomplishment, and Marcabelí exemplifies social and economic work from the public authority, involving both institutions (municipality and UDATMA), and answering questions about the inclusion of people in the employment. The muni­cipality is proposing a training program according to the demand of the working environment and the choices of the students (such as new local markets and production). The objective is to offer opportunities to the students for production at the end of their education, through the construction of a trade exhibition where students display products they’ve developed in the educative environment. (GAD Marcabelí 2012). ← 249 | 250 →

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