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The Memory of the Bishop in Medieval Cathedrals

Ceremonies and Visualizations

Edited By Gerardo Boto Varela, Isabel Escandell and Esther Lozano Lopez

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Les évêques de Lausanne et la cathédrale Notre-Dame. De la mémoire individuelle à la mémoire institutionelle (Kérim Berclaz)

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KÉRIM BERCLAZ Université de Lausanne Kerim.Berclaz@gmail.com

Les évêques de Lausanne et la cathédrale Notre-Dame. De la mémoire individuelle à la mémoire institutionelle

Abstract: The lausannese diocese displays a great homogeneity in term of funeral practices. All bishops who died during the course of their duties have chosen to be buried in the Notre-Dame cathedral, which functions as a memorial shrine. On the contrary, the dioceses of Geneva and Sion do not demonstrate an attempt to build an episcopal memory, or in a more discrete way.      The quite wide range of documents offers the opportunity to reconstruct a fairly precise picture of the elements that constituted the bishop’s liturgical memoria. These include burial sites, donations specific to these places, art commissions, use of the ecclesial space and of the Marian cult. When carefully examined, these various elements indicate that, in Lausanne, we find an individual memory (that of the bishop) but also an institutional memory (that of the diocese).

Keywords: bishops, Lausanne, cathedral, memory, burial practices.

1.  Introduction

Dans cet article, nous entendons montrer la grande homogénéité qui a caractérisé l’épiscopat lausannois en regard de ses deux voisins, Genève et Sion, tous trois diocèses de la Suisse romande actuelle. L’analyse des pratiques liturgiques, funéraires et artistiques nous montre que les ← 53 | 54 → évêques de Lausanne ont fortement concentré leur mémoire à l’intérieur des...

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