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The Memory of the Bishop in Medieval Cathedrals

Ceremonies and Visualizations

Edited By Gerardo Boto Varela, Isabel Escandell and Esther Lozano Lopez

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La cattedrale di Parma e la memoria del vescovo Bernardo degli Uberti: luoghi, liturgia e culto santorale (sec. XII–XVI) (Carlotta Taddei / Fabrizio Tonelli)

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CARLOTTA TADDEI, FABRIZIO TONELLI Gruppo di ricerca nARThex carlottataddei@gmail.com ftonelli27@gmail.com

La cattedrale di Parma e la memoria del vescovo Bernardo degli Uberti: luoghi, liturgia e culto santorale (sec. XII–XVI)*

Abstract: Several sources attest to the presence of Pascal II in Parma in 1106 for a consecration, and identify at that time the transition of the city from the Imperial orbit to the Roman one. However, sources disagree on the object of the papal consacration: some refer about the consecration of the Cathedral, others that of the Bishop Bernardo degli Uberti, one – Donizone – both the acts. The mismatch of the testimonies has prompted to question the nature of papal intervention, and the different making of the bishop’s memory. Buried in the same cathedral, Bernardo has been canonized in 1139 by the successor Lanfranco, who translated the bishop’s body in a leaden ark in the crypt. Using both liturgical, literary and documentary sources, this paper examined the location and function of the ark, around which are built the liturgy and the memory of a bishop celebrated as the founding saint.

Keywords: Cattedrale di Parma, san Bernardo degli Uberti, arca, memoria, liturgia.

L’anno 1106 viene ricordato come uno spartiacque nella storia della chiesa di Parma, grazie al passaggio di papa Pasquale II, che consacrò la cattedrale all’inizio di novembre, a conclusione del concilio ← 185 | 186 → di Guastalla (Figura 1). Dispersi i documenti originali, tra le righe di una...

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