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The Remaking of the Euro-Mediterranean Vision

Challenging Eurocentrism with Local Perceptions in the Middle East and North Africa

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Edited By Aybars Görgülü and Gülşah Dark Kahyaoğlu

This edited collection is a timely and in-depth perception analysis of Euro-Mediterranean relations and the EU policy actions towards the Mediterranean region.

The book takes as its departure point the recent geopolitical developments in the Middle East and North Africa, urging the renewal of a Euro-Mediterranean partnership while challenging the ‘Eurocentric orientation of EU policies’ – a critical factor which explains why the EU has been unable to adjust its policies to the region’s fast-changing complexities.

The volume subsequently introduces the findings of an elite survey conducted between 2017–2018 with local stakeholders in 9 countries in the Mediterranean. The findings and policy recommendations presented in the book aim to contribute to making EU policies more responsive to major challenges in the region, more flexible on the multilateral and the bilateral level and more inclusive of key stakeholders.

This book will interest EU policy-makers, civil society, academics and researchers on EU policy, as well as IR experts in general.

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Abbreviations

Abbreviations

AK Party Justice and Development Party (Turkey)

AMU Arab Maghreb Union

AQIM Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb

BDS Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions

CBC Cross-border cooperation

CHP Republican People’s Party (Turkey)

CoE Council of Europe

CMRAP Moroccan Centre for Research and Policy Analysis

CSO Civil society organization

DCFTA Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area

E3 EU Triumvirate or EU Trio

EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

ECJ European Court of Justice

EIDHR European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights

ENI European Neighbourhood Instrument

ENP European Neighbourhood Policy

ENPI European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument

EU European Union

EUBAM EU Border Assistance Mission

EU-MEFTA Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Area

FDI Foreign direct investment

GCC Gulf Co-operation Council

GDP Gross domestic product

GRECO Group of States against Corruption

HDP People’s Democratic Party (Turkey)

IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency

IBM Integrated Border Management

IMF International Monetary Fund

INGO International non-governmental organization

IPA Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance←9 | 10→

IS Islamic State

ISIS Islamic State in Iraq and Syria

JCPOA Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

KSA Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

LAF Lebanese Armed Forces

LGBT Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender

LNG Liquefied natural gas

MBS Mohammed bin Salman

MEDRESET Mediterranean Reset Project

MENA Middle East and North Africa

MHP Nationalist Movement Party (Turkey)

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NGO Non-governmental organization

OECD Organization for Co-operation and Development

OSCE Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

PKK Kurdistan Workers’ Party (Turkey)

PLO Palestine Liberation Organization

PP Partnership priorities

PPP Purchasing power parity

PYD Democratic Union Party (Syria)

QIA Qatar Investment Authority

SCAF Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (Egypt)

SNSC Supreme National Security Council (Iran)

SP Felicity Party (Turkey)

TBMM Grand National Assembly (Turkey)

UAE United Arab Emirates

UDC Union of Unemployed Graduates (Tunisia)

UfM Union for the Mediterranean

UGTT Tunisian General Labour Union

UK United Kingdom

UN United Nations

UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNSC United Nations Security Council

US United States←10 | 11→

UTICA Tunisian Union of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts

VAT Value added tax

WEOG Western European and Others Group

WP Work Package

YPG People’s Protection Units (Syria)←11 | 12→ ←12 | 13→