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The Catalan Nation and Identity Throughout History


Edited By Àngels Casals Martinez and Giovanni C. Cattini

The present book is a complex approach to the elements that built the Catalan national identity, which can only be analyzed through its complexity and longue durée historical times.
Regarding medieval and early modern centuries, the territorial construction, law and state are presented, along with the complexity added by the appearance of composite monarchies in the 16th century, and taking into account the significance of constructing a literary and historiographic tradition to define national character.
Regarding modern centuries, the authors do not ignore the importance of socioeconomic dimensions in a very complex diversity which flows both in the intellectual and political world and in the dissemination of identity through the mass media in an international level as well.
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A Shattered Mirror? The Ethics of Remembering Catalan Culture in Exile, by Helena Buffery

A Shattered Mirror? The Ethics of Remembering Catalan Culture in Exile


Helena BUFFERYUniversity College Cork

One of the more remarkable phenomena of the past decade or so in Catalonia has been the relative intensity of negotiation of the places of exile memory, particularly when compared with what Enric Pujol and others call the “relegation of exile” during the transition to democracy.1 The year 2000 saw both the first exhibition on Catalan exile in the Museu d’Història de Catalunya, with the Perequartian title “Una esperança desfeta” [a shattered hope],2 and the development of plans for the construction of the Museu Memorial de l’Exili in La Jonquera (although the latter was not inaugurated until 2008). Between 2002 and 2006 there began to be more political commemorations of the experience of exile, with the Llei de mesures de suport al retorn de catalans emigrats [Law on measures to support the return of Catalan emigrants, 2002],3 and homages in the Catalan parliament to different protagonists and phenomena, such as the Orfeó Català de Mèxic and the parliamentary presidents in exile. Political recognition of an unpaid debt to the past culminated in the creation of the Memorial Democràtic in 2007, thus providing a wider institutional framework in which the hidden cultural and political histories from 1931 to 1980 can be recovered and remembered. Furthermore, the 70th and 75th anniversaries of key dates in the ←319 | 320→Spanish Civil War have been punctuated by a rich variety of cultural events and activities designed to provide access to historical memory...

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