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The Catalan Nation and Identity Throughout History

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Edited By Àngels Casals Martinez and Giovanni C. Cattini

The present book is a complex approach to the elements that built the Catalan national identity, which can only be analyzed through its complexity and longue durée historical times.
Regarding medieval and early modern centuries, the territorial construction, law and state are presented, along with the complexity added by the appearance of composite monarchies in the 16th century, and taking into account the significance of constructing a literary and historiographic tradition to define national character.
Regarding modern centuries, the authors do not ignore the importance of socioeconomic dimensions in a very complex diversity which flows both in the intellectual and political world and in the dissemination of identity through the mass media in an international level as well.
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Catalonia, Culture and Mass Media, by Carme Ferré Pavia

Catalonia, Culture and Mass Media

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Carme FERRÉ PAVIA1

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

The triangle upon which this essay pivots is an intricate one. For centuries the creation of communication media in Catalan has been seen as a tool for the diffusion of the Catalan language and culture, and this conscious objective has been handed on in the audio-visual and digital media age. Beginning with the Catalan Renaixença,2 the Catalans enjoyed the recuperation of their language in public life, for the most part via media. Since the Bourbon victory in the 18th century and the imposition of Castilian as the language of administration and education, however, Castilian has gained strength as a language of prestige.

This essay combines a look back at history with a more personal evaluation: we could say that we have never had a system of communications that was independent of Spanish influence. However, in the last two or three centuries a media system parallel to that of the state has been more strongly established in the Principality of Catalonia, the modern-day Catalonia, than in other Catalan-speaking territories (the former Crown of Aragon).

1.1 The first media in Catalan

Dating from the 17th century we find what could be called a type of Catalan information industry with the publication of broadsheets (loose sheets of fliers). These newssheets reported on wars, royalty and religion — a content which, along with information pertaining to useful services, would later be adopted by the first...

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