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Forging Kosovo: Between Dependence, Independence, and Interdependence

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Edited By Arben Hajrullahu and Anton Vukpalaj

For many areas of social science research, including conflict resolution, peacebuilding, and international state-building, Kosovo remains a uniquely interesting and relevant case. This book is motivated by the belief that there is much to be gained, analytically and empirically, from bringing together local scholarship that focuses on Kosovo-specific issues. It helps understand how pathdependent historical legacies set in motion prior to and during the war for independence, coupled with contemporary processes of dependence on and interdependence with external actors, shaped contemporary Kosovo society and institutions. It brings together a methodologically diverse set of local scholarly perspectives on contemporary political, legal and societal developments in Kosovo.

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Representative Bureaucracy in Kosovo – a Friend or a Foe?

Dina Milovanović

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Abstract Representative bureaucracy is an affirmative action that acknowledges historical injustice and compensates for it. This compensation mirrors in the inclusion of societal diversities in public administration. Representative bureaucracy can serve in many directions, including as a mechanism of control and dominance. Scholars studied the interplay amid passive and active bureaucracy, and discretion of bureaucrats to shift their positions from passive to active. What seeks more research is representative bureaucracy in developing and post-conflict regions, where isolation and discrimination of ethnic, gender, and religious groups are observed on a more prominent level. Here I research implications of representative bureaucracy in Kosovo, which has affirmative policies toward diversity in administration, especially for non-majority communities. I argue that affirmative policies and practices do not inevitably benefit communities. Moreover, they can be harmful as participation can discredit their claims that the same administration is in use against them. But, the illusion of representation is beneficial for the administration itself, and the dominant one, as it is what holds it resistant to everyday challenges over its democracy.

Keywords: Representative bureaucracy, passive and active bureaucracy, Kosovo, post-conflict

At its core, representative bureaucracy is an affirmative action that acknowledges historical injustice and compensates for it. This compensation mirrors in the inclusion of a diversity of interests, opinions, needs, desires, and values that exist in society, in public administration (Keiser et al., 2002). Once the inclusion reaches a certain level, representative bureaucracy transfers from passive to active, which enables representatives to use their...

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