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All Our Brothers and Sisters

Jews Saving Jews during the Holocaust

Edited By Judith Tydor Baumel-Schwartz and Alan Schneider

The book focuses on the heroism of Jews throughout Europe who risked their lives to save their coreligionists under Nazi rule. The contributors discuss and analyze the actions of Jews who rescued other Jews from the hands of the Nazis. These actions took place, to different degrees, in Germany, in Axis states and all across Nazi-occupied Europe, from the early stages of persecution until the war’s end, in the framework of collaborative efforts and individual initiatives. The Jews who rescued other Jews during the Holocaust came like their non-Jewish counterparts from different backgrounds: men and women, old and young, religious and secular, wealthy and poor, educated and uneducated. The rescue missions took place in ghettos, areas without ghettos, jails, camps, hospitals, children’s homes, schools, monasteries, in hiding. This book focuses on these rescue missions and the people behind them, reminding us of their courage and willingness to act, even when it put their own lives in danger.

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Women in the Jewish Resistance in France


By: Tsilla Hershco

Jewish Resistance activities in France during World War II constitute a unique chapter in the history of the Holocaust. This is due, in part, to its organized activities that lasted from June 1940 until the end of the German occupation, as well as its numerous rescue activities and operations.

This article opens with a presentation of the key moments in the history of the Holocaust of the Jews of France. It continues with a brief presentation of the nine Jewish Resistance networks in France and their diverse rescue activities and focuses on the particular contribution of female members of the Jewish Resistance in France to the rescue activities. Women accounted for about 40 % of the members of the Jewish Resistance and performed equally dangerous missions as their male comrades. The general display of this impressive contributions is followed by a handful of specific examples (out of hundreds), illustrating how certain clandestine missions of women in the Jewish Resistance could be performed more effectively by them than by their male comrades, due to the unique and tragic circumstances of the Holocaust in France.

On May 10, 1940, the Germans attacked France. Within a month they were at the gates of Paris. On June 22, 1940, the armistice agreement was signed and France was divided into two regions: the northern region was placed under direct control of the Germans while the southern region, the so-called Free French region, was led by Marshal...

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