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All Our Brothers and Sisters

Jews Saving Jews during the Holocaust

Edited By Judith Tydor Baumel-Schwartz and Alan Schneider

The book focuses on the heroism of Jews throughout Europe who risked their lives to save their coreligionists under Nazi rule. The contributors discuss and analyze the actions of Jews who rescued other Jews from the hands of the Nazis. These actions took place, to different degrees, in Germany, in Axis states and all across Nazi-occupied Europe, from the early stages of persecution until the war’s end, in the framework of collaborative efforts and individual initiatives. The Jews who rescued other Jews during the Holocaust came like their non-Jewish counterparts from different backgrounds: men and women, old and young, religious and secular, wealthy and poor, educated and uneducated. The rescue missions took place in ghettos, areas without ghettos, jails, camps, hospitals, children’s homes, schools, monasteries, in hiding. This book focuses on these rescue missions and the people behind them, reminding us of their courage and willingness to act, even when it put their own lives in danger.

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Romaniote, Sephardic, and Mizrahi Jewish Rescuers in the Holocaust


By: Yitzchak Kerem

Soon after Holocaust research and commemoration began, rescue of Jews by Righteous Gentiles also was uncovered and highlighted. Since the 1980s, students, scholars, and survivors of the Holocaust have pondered a new paradigm of Jewish rescuers, Jews who saved other Jews. Among them were Sephardic Jewish rescuers who also came to the forefront. This essay will More precisely the overview will analyze the efforts of non-Ashkenazi Jews; Romaniote (Judeo-Greek speaking Jews since Byzantium, and the Ottoman Empire primarily in the Greek Peninsula), Balkan Sephardic, and Sephardim/Mizrahim in Western Europe.

The main focus of the phenomenon is Jewish rescuers from Greece. The Jews of Greece were the largest victim of the Holocaust of the non-Ashkenazim. Of the entire Greek-Jewish population some 10,000 Jews were rescued and not deported. In Auschwitz and other death and labor camps in occupied Poland, Germany, and Austria, some 12,000 Salonikan, in addition to hundreds, possibly even slightly above a thousand Jews from elsewhere in Greece, were selected for forced labor. This paper will analyze heroes amongst them who saved dozens and hundreds, if not more, Jews.

When the Germans replaced the Italian occupation in Greece in September 1943, the new German commanders requested Jewish community lists from the rabbis in Athens and Thessaly within one or two days. Without exception, the head rabbis in Athens, and in Thessaly in Volos, Larissa, ←201 | 202→and Trikala fled with most of the community members. In Athens, 400...

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