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Orphans of the One or the Deception of the Immanence

Essays on the Roots of Secularization

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Alba Papa-Grimaldi

Through a collection of essays in metaphysics, epistemology and ethics, this book explores the evolution of the idea of the One and Many.
Since Parmenides’ dichotomy of One and Many, the One of the ancient cosmogonies has been reduced to a pole of our thought, a sterile identity which has been identified with truth but cannot bring forth nor give order to the Many. The author reflects on how the Parmenidean dichotomy has led, for many centuries after Parmenides, to the metaphysical attempts to reduce the Many to the One, causing unsolvable epistemological problems, and to the metaphysical dissolution of the One in the Many of time, causing the moral crisis of the West. Further, this study analyses the epistemic and spiritual impasse of the West and shows a possible solution to this problem: to unearth the forgotten dichotomy, the key to understand millenarian philosophical problems, such as consciousness, movement and causality, which are deadlocked because they all stem from the reduction of temporal phenomena within the framework of a rational thought which is unable to account for the non-identical.

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Introduction – The Deception of the Immanence ................................. 9 Essay I: Consciousness as the One, Self-Same Thought that Represents the Many.................................................................... 33 Essay II: Plato’s parricide: Self-identity from Ontological to Formal Principle ......................................................... 69 Essay III: Aristotle’s Ontologization of Change: Many is actually One .......................................................................... 95 Essay IV: The Return of the One to Thought ................................... 113 Essay V: A Phenomenal Theory of Causality .................................. 133 Essay VI: The Presumption of Movement ........................................ 163 Essay VII: The Self-deception of Nihilism....................................... 195 Bibliography ..................................................................................... 235

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