The Philosophy of G. E. M. Anscombe
Chapter Two Anscombe’s Analysis of Intention 63
63 Chapter Two Anscombe’s Analysis of Intention In this chapter we shall present Anscombe’s analysis of intention as it appears in her writings, especially in Intention.1 We shall begin by giv- ing a the general scheme of the book Intention. Threefold division of intention (§1) Expressions of intention (§2–§4) Expressions of intention and prediction (§2) Definition of expressions of intention (§3–§4) Intentional action (§5–§21) Definition (§5) Instances where ‘why?’ is refused application (§6–§11) “I was not aware I was doing that”; Intentional under a descrip- tion (§6) “It was involuntary” (§7) Involuntary: known without observation (§8) Its difference from mental causality (§9–§11) Instances where ‘why?’ is given application (§12–§15) “I was curious to find out” (§12–§13) “I study to become a doctor” (§13) “He killed my father” (§14) “Because he told me to” (§15) Instances where ‘why?’ has and yet has not application (§17–§18) “For no particular reason” (§17–§18) Intention in Intentional Action (§19–§21) Not an extra feature (§19) Necessity of intention for intentional actions (§20) Intention and the last end (§21) 1 G. E. M. Anscombe, Intention (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 19792). The references to this work will mention the article numbers with the paragraph numbers in super- script such as §22. 64 Intention-with-which (§22–§27) Statement of a future state of affairs (§22) Wider description of what one is doing (§23) Problem of the description: One or many actions? (§23) Two difficulties: Pumping is an act...
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