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Mapping Academic Values in the Disciplines

A Corpus-Based Approach

Series:

Davide Simone Giannoni

A broad strand of applied linguistic research has focused on the language of science and scholarship, stressing its role in the construction and negotiation of knowledge claims. Central to the success of such texts is the use of evaluative expressions encoding what is considered to be desirable or undesirable in a given domain. While the speech acts relevant to evaluation have been extensively researched, little is known of the underlying values they encode. This volume seeks to fill the gap by exploring the main facets of academic value in a corpus of research articles from leading journals in anthropology, biology, computer science, economics, engineering, history, mathematics, medicine, physics and sociology. The collocations and qualified entities associated with such variables in the corpus provide insights into how scholars draw on a repertoire of conventional, largely unqualified, axiological meanings instrumental to the production of new knowledge in their field.

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Index 285

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Index Academic affiliation 42 Academic English: importance 34-36 international varieties 35, 47 L1 background 35, 37 Academic gatekeepers 35 Academic genres: occluded 39 primary 9 secondary 39 Academic literacy 231-232, 234, 243 Academic value system 42, 86-87, 209, 236, 238 Academic values: clustering 214 distribution across disciplines 214- 216 explicitness 220, 230, 239 focus 220 interdisciplinary variation 213-218, 230 intradisciplinary variation 218-219 lexical resources 220-222 lexical transparency of markers 223-224 qualified entities 224-228 ranking 217 syntactic position of adjectives 222- 223 Adjectives semantic categories 57, 84 polarised vs. centralised 57 American Historical Review 70 American Journal of Sociology 69 Anglo-American rhetoric 49 Antonyms 79 Appeal 78 Applied sciences 27-28, 65, 217 Appraisal theory 55 Axiological common ground 231 Axiological core 87 Axiological profile of disciplines 219- 220 BASE Corpus 62 BAWE Corpus 61, 184-185, 194 Belief in ‘great minds’ 49 Candidate items: additional 78-79 categories 77-78 full list 282-284 selection criteria 75-78 value-marking status 79-80 Centrality 52, 78 Clarity 46-47, 51-52 Co-occurrences 81, 85 COBUILD Project 59 Collegiality 49 Completeness 78 Complexity 78 Conflicts between values 237 Constructivism 31 Contrastive rhetoric 47 Cooperative Principle 46 Corpora: academic English 61-62 specialised 61 Corporate universities 19, 48 Corpus analysis: development 14-15, 58-62 applications 59 Corpus construction: selection of domains 65-66 selection of texts 68-71 source journals 66-68 286 Corpus data by discipline 73 Corpus linguistics 58-63 Corpus-based vs. corpus-driven 60, 75 Crystallised noun phrases 80 Cultural psychology 43 Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) 22-23 Disciplinary community: nature 33-34 working definition 33 Disciplinary cultures...

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