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Wittgenstein on Forms of Life and the Nature of Experience

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Edited By Antonio Marques and Nuno Venturinha

To what extent is the form of our life fixed, i.e. is there a form of life or forms of life? How does this bear on the nature of experience? These are two Wittgensteinian questions in need of clarification. Wittgenstein on Forms of Life and the Nature of Experience sheds light on a much exploited but rarely analysed topic in Wittgenstein scholarship while addressing central themes of contemporary philosophy. Bringing together essays from some of the leading scholars in the field, the book concentrates on Wittgenstein’s concept of Lebensform(en), and more specifically its evolution in the author’s thought until his death in 1951.

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MARIA FILOMENA MOLDER Cries, False Substitutes and Expressions in Image 39

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Cries, False Substitutes and Expressions in Image1 MARIA FILOMENA MOLDER When the wise man points at the moon, the idiot looks at the finger. Buddhist proverb 1 I would like to begin by explaining how I see Wittgenstein in relationship to philosophy. For me, philosophy is a contemplative activity that characterizes itself by considering the very act of falling into oneself conceptually. In order to become a human being, no matter how one does it, no matter when one does it, all of us must fall into ourselves some day. But not all human beings make the falling into oneself their own conceptual object; only those who have dedicated their time to that which came to be known as philosophy. Even though falling into oneself is some- thing that people do take into consideration in the arts and po- etry, it is not taken properly as a conceptual object, but rather as something to be realized and produced, and because of this it becomes immediately absorbed in its very expression. (Dichten, as we will see later, has to do with this kind of absorption of the inside by the outside, a kind of musicality, as in the current sen- tence “in my heart I understood”). In philosophy, the conceptual 1 One should read the present essay as part of a research in progress. Some of its final passages may be found, albeit slightly rephrased, in Molder 2010a and 2010b. 40 consideration is likely to become an expression as well, and,...

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