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Terminology in English Language Teaching

Nature and Use

Series:

Roger Berry

Based on original research and novel concepts, this book investigates the nature and use of terminology from linguistic and applied viewpoints. Throughout, problems with terminology, such as overuse by teachers and cases of synonymy and polysemy, are considered and solutions are offered.
Part One looks firstly at some basic concepts, then draws important distinctions between pedagogic and scientific terminology, and between transparent, opaque and iconic terms, before examining the historical, lexical and grammatical nature of terms.
Part Two attempts to estimate the value and relevance of terminology in language teaching and describes the use and knowledge of terminology in various language-teaching-related constituencies: learners, teachers, textbooks, grammars and research. It concludes with a discussion of the criteria for evaluating terms and an analysis of terms used in ELT.

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INTRODUCTION 1. People and terminology ............................................................ 13 2. What this book is about and who it is for ................................. 14 3. How to read this book .............................................................. 16 PART ONE. THE NATURE OF TERMINOLOGY CHAPTER ONE Some initial concepts 1. Introduction .............................................................................. 19 2. Terminology as system ............................................................. 19 3. The meanings of terminology ................................................... 20 4. Terms and concepts .................................................................. 21 5. Relationship to a particular field .............................................. 22 6. Terminology, jargon and the idea of community ..................... 24 7. Terminology and metalanguage ............................................... 26 8. Summary: towards a definition of terminology ........................ 29 CHAPTER TWO Pedagogic and scientific terminology 1. Introduction .............................................................................. 31 2. Pedagogic and scientific grammar............................................ 31 3. The differences between pedagogic and scientific terms ......... 34 4. Precision and distinctiveness .................................................... 36 5. Summary .................................................................................. 42 CHAPTER THREE Types of terms 1. Introduction .............................................................................. 45 6 2. Transparent terms ..................................................................... 46 3. Opaque terms ............................................................................ 50 4. Iconic terms .............................................................................. 53 5. Eponymous terms ..................................................................... 56 6. Mixed types .............................................................................. 58 7. Competing terms ...................................................................... 59 8. Summary .................................................................................. 60 CHAPTER FOUR The development of terms 1. Introduction .............................................................................. 63 2. The origins of English grammatical terminology ..................... 64 3. A study of the terminology in Cobbett’s Grammar of the English Language .......................................... 68 4. Up to the modern day: the divergence of pedagogic and scientific terminology .................................. 72 5. The establishment of standard ELT grammatical terminology .... 74 6. Developing new terms .............................................................. 78 7. Devising systems of terminology ............................................. 81 8. Summary .................................................................................. 82 CHAPTER FIVE The lexis of terms 1. Introduction .............................................................................. 85 2. Polysemy .................................................................................. 86 3. Synonymy ................................................................................. 89 4. Hyponymy ................................................................................ 97 5. Summary ................................................................................ 101 CHAPTER SIX The grammar of terms 1. Introduction ............................................................................ 103...

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