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Terminology in English Language Teaching

Nature and Use

Series:

Roger Berry

Based on original research and novel concepts, this book investigates the nature and use of terminology from linguistic and applied viewpoints. Throughout, problems with terminology, such as overuse by teachers and cases of synonymy and polysemy, are considered and solutions are offered.
Part One looks firstly at some basic concepts, then draws important distinctions between pedagogic and scientific terminology, and between transparent, opaque and iconic terms, before examining the historical, lexical and grammatical nature of terms.
Part Two attempts to estimate the value and relevance of terminology in language teaching and describes the use and knowledge of terminology in various language-teaching-related constituencies: learners, teachers, textbooks, grammars and research. It concludes with a discussion of the criteria for evaluating terms and an analysis of terms used in ELT.

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CHAPTER TEN Terminology in pedagogic grammars

Extract

1. Introduction One of the arguments for terminology mentioned in Chapter Seven was that learners will meet it in materials, both inside and outside class. These materials would include reference works such as dictionaries and grammars textbooks self-access materials. The next two chapters look at two of these in detail: grammars and textbooks. The former, although not as influential among learners as dictionaries, do contain a wide range of terms; the latter, although containing fewer terms, are highly influential in that most learners will be exposed to them at one or more stages of their formal foreign lan- guage education. The aims of this survey are various: to check how many terms are used in grammars to see what differences there are between grammars to see if grammars are consistent in their usage of terms to see whether usage aligns with learner knowledge. The data for this chapter is based on a corpus of three grammars, ME- TALANG, and a description of this forms the next section. 166 2. The METALANG Corpus Specific results from the METALANG Corpus have already appeared in Part One, in Chapters Five and Six. This chapter is more concerned with the overall analysis, which is conditioned by the differing natures of the contributing texts. All three grammars in METALANG (see Appendix 1 for a full description of them) can be said to be popular (in that they have been published in more than one edition) but they differ in a number of ways: COBUILD is...

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