An Analysis under Special Consideration of the Publishing Market
CHAPTER 4 Compromise and Autonomy in Consecration during the Estado Novo 89
89 CHAPTER 4 Compromise and Autonomy in Consecration during the Estado Novo This chapter will examine the literary prizes set up by the Acade- mia das Ciências de Lisboa and the Sociedade Portuguesa de Es- critores, which competed with the Government as consecrating agents during the Estado Novo. The aim is to show that, although they challenged the Government’s ideology (particularly the SPE), the Government’s pursuit of being the sole consecrating agent re- strained those institutions’ rewarding of Portuguese fiction. Table 6 shows the Ricardo Malheiros Prize (1933-1973) and Table 7A and 7B list the SPE Literary Prizes (1961-1965). I included their prize- winning writers, works and their publishing houses with the aim of showing that the cultural opposition led by certain writers and publishers had significant impact in the constitution of the Portu- guese canon between 1974 and 2004.1 I will examine literary prizewinning and complement it with my study on the booklists and readership of the Gulbenkian mobile libraries (and contrast it with the SNI mobile libraries). My purpose is to illustrate that the struggles of legitimacy in the literary field involving the estab- lishment of the SPE, the Gulbenkian and, to some extent, the Aca- demia das Ciências, as alternative agents of consecration, aimed at 1 Information on the Ricardo Malheiros Literary Prize was taken from [accessed September 2007]; Information on the SPE Lite- rary Prizes was taken from João Pedro George, O Meio Literário Português (1960/1998) – Prémios Literários, Escritores,...
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