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A Descent into Edgar Allan Poe and His Works: The Bicentennial

Beatriz González Moreno and Margarita Rigal Aragón

Today Edgar Allan Poe is a well-known and highly regarded author. When, a hundred years ago (1909), a group of Poe acquaintances, fans and scholars got together at the University of Virginia to commemorate Poe’s birth centenary, they had to do so in order to modify the persistent misstatements of his earlier biographers, and to correct the unsettled judgment of his literary rank.
Now, in 2009, many Poe fans and scholars are gathering together once more to honour Poe on the second centenary of his birth. Different types of events (theatrical and musical performances, book auctions, etc.) and academic conferences have been celebrated on both sides of the Atlantic, acclaiming Poe’s literary rank again. This volume brings together a wide range of scholars with varied critical approaches and succeeds in shedding new light on E. A. Poe on the occasion of his Bicentenary. The book is organized into three principal sections; the first part focuses on the reception of Poe in Great Britain, France, and Spain; the second revisits some of Poe’s main legacies, such as his stories of detection, the Gothic, and Science Fiction; and the third deals with the aesthetic quality of his narratives and also offers an analysis of his work integrating Text Linguistics within the broader study of social discourses.


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Ricardo Marín-Ruiz Two Romanticisms but the Same Feeling: The Presence of Poe in Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer’s Leyendas 35


Two Romanticisms but the Same Feeling: The Presence of Poe in Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer’s Leyendas RICARDO MARÍN-RUIZ UNIVERSITY OF CASTILLA-LA MANCHA The starting point of this paper is that the infl uence of Edgar Allan Poe on Spanish Literature seems to be a fact out of any kind of literary polemic. The works of writers such as Pedro Antonio de Alarcón, Rosalía de Castro, Ros de Olano or Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer himself are clear examples of how the American author had a certain bearing not only on the literary production yielded in Spain during the 19th century, but also on the literature written in other Spanish-speaking countries during that period. Though their respective literary universes were also shaped by the infl uences of writers like Hoffman, Maupassant or the German romantic poets, Poe left his mark on some of their books. It is certain that sometimes we mistake a distant literary affi nity for a real infl uence. For instance, this is true if we shed light on the case of Alarcon’s Narraciones inverosímiles (1896): this collection of tales displays a set of thematic and stylistic features that could be easily bound to Poe’s infl uence at fi rst sight. We can say that they are closer to German Romanticism than to the author from Boston, above all if we take into account that Alarcón wrote some of his tales a few years earlier than he got down to read Poe.1 Bécquer is...

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