Essays on the International Labour Organization and Its Impact on the World During the Twentieth Century
Edited By Jasmien Van Daele, Magaly Rodriguez Garcia and Geert van Goethem
4 Albert Thomas, the ILO and the IFTU: A Case of Mutual Benefit? 91
8=6EI:G Albert Thomas, the >AD and the >;IJ: A Case of Mutual Beneﬁt?* Reiner Tosstorff “The >AD does not solely exist to register uncertain balances, but is also there to achieve a programme, as the convention states” In essence, the impetus for the International Labour Organization (>AD) came from the international trade union movement. Its practical imple- mentation, however, as well as the determination of its functional and legal framework were accomplished solely by a commission that had been appointed by the victorious powers of the First World War during the first months of the year . The trade union organizations of the Allied Pow- ers only played a secondary role in that commission. The International Federation of Trade Unions (>;IJ), which at that time was in the process of reconstituting itself, was not able to push through most of its far more com- prehensive ideas that had been articulated at a conference in Bern in Febru- ary . The main points where the international trade union movement fell behind concerned the binding character of the resolutions of the future organization, the weight that workers’ representatives would have in it, and the direct determination of quite a number of programmatic demands. At the congress in Amsterdam at the beginning of August – which implemented the formal re-founding of the >;IJ – the >AD Charter [here- * I am especially grateful to Geert van Goethem for his valuable suggestions. Report of the Director, International Labour Conference , quoted in: Bonvin, L’Organisation internationale du travail,...
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