Essays on the International Labour Organization and Its Impact on the World During the Twentieth Century
Edited By Jasmien Van Daele, Magaly Rodriguez Garcia and Geert van Goethem
6 The ILO and Welfare Reform in South Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean, 1919-1950 145
8=6EI:G The >AD and Welfare Reform in South Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean, - Jeremy Seekings From its foundation in , the International Labour Organization (>AD) sought to promote minimum standards in the regulation of employment and social welfare not only in the more industrialized countries of Europe and North America, but also in the colonies and independent states of the global “South”. Whilst the regulation of labour and public provision of welfare lagged far behind regulation in most of Europe and even North America, a series of countries in the South began to introduce reforms in the s, s, and s. The >AD sought to promote and shape these reforms, through its annual International Labour Conferences [hereafter, “>A8(s)”], the conventions and recommendations adopted at them, and the documents produced by the International Labour Office [hereafter, “Office”]. The literature on welfare-state-building tends to concentrate entirely on political, social, and economic conditions inside countries. In build- ing – and later rebuilding – welfare states, policy-makers typically drew on ideas (including norms and beliefs rooted in religion) from both home and abroad. Prominent among the foreign “ideas” were the actual models of welfare states constructed (or proposed) elsewhere and hence available for replication (perhaps with adjustments). Ideas might only be taken up if they are congruent with the interests of politically powerful elites or par- ties and are actionable within existing state institutions. But, at the same time, parties and elites typically act only when appealing ideas are avail- able; “structures...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.