Essays on the International Labour Organization and Its Impact on the World During the Twentieth Century
Edited By Jasmien Van Daele, Magaly Rodriguez Garcia and Geert van Goethem
7 Constructing a European Social Model: The Fight for Social Insurance in the Interwar Period 173
8=6EI:G Constructing a European Social Model: The Fight for Social Insurance in the Interwar Period Sandrine Kott There are two main ways of studying the construction of a European social model. Following the pioneering work of Hartmut Kaelble, one can try to highlight the progressive convergence of various national social poli- cies from the ground up. Another way, which can be combined with the first, would be to look at the social measures implemented by international or European organizations from the top down. Although social policy has never been the priority of European institutions, it has been seen as an important part of the slow process of the institutionalization of Europe from the beginning. The Council of Europe [hereafter, “Council”], founded in , was aimed at restoring peace and avoiding new conf licts in Europe by bringing states together. Beyond these diplomatic efforts, it also aimed at reconciling the people and forging a common European identity that would make future war impossible. Therefore, the Council initiated Euro- pean cultural projects to lay the foundations of this common identity. But the construction of a European social space, by grounding the European idea in the everyday life of the people, was another means of encouraging the emergence of this European community of people. In , the initial conference of the Council discussed the possibility of setting up multilat- eral agreements on social legislation, a project which was then restricted to social security. International Labour Office [hereafter, “Office”] mem- bers – and in particular...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.