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Ecological Migration

Environmental Policy in China

Edited By Masayoshi Nakawo, Yuki Konagaya and Shinjilt

In the context of the current wave of global environmental concern, this book considers measures aimed at solving environmental problems, investigating the example of ecological migration.
The term «ecological migration» refers to the organized migration of people engaged in occupations that cause ecological destruction, aimed at rehabilitating and conserving the affected areas. In the vast arid and semi-arid regions that constitute the steppes of Inner Mongolia, grassland vegetation is in imminent danger due to overgrazing. Therefore, the herders are made to migrate to other areas in order to ensure regeneration of the affected grasslands. This book’s contributions are guided by questions such as: What has been the result of the strategy of ecological migration? Have the grasslands successfully been conserved? And can the desertification of Inner Mongolia be prevented?
The essays collected in this volume originate from a workshop on ecological migration held in Beijing, China, in 2004, and were published in Japanese and Chinese, both in 2005. They have been adopted as a textbook in university classes in Japan and China, and were updated and translated for the English publication.

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Appendix 273

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Appendix Laws and Regulations (with Chinese Pinyin) – Peoples’ Republic of China Forest Law Implementation Ordinance Regulations for the Implementation of Forestry Law of the People’s Republic of China (January, 29, 2000) Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Senlinfa Shishi Tiaoli – Peoples’ Republic of China State Council Decree No. 367 Decree No. 367 of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Guowuyuanling – Cultivation Discontinuation for Forest/Grassland Restoration Ordinance Regulations on Conversion of Farmland to Forest/grassland Tuigeng Huanlin(cao) Tiaoli – Environmental Protection Law or Environmental Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China Huanjing Baohufa – Forest Law or Forestry Law of the People’s Republic of China Senlinfa – Grasslands Law or Grassland Law of the People’s Republic of China Caoyuanfa – Sand Prevention Law The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Desertifica- tion Fangshafa 274 Terms (with Chinese Pinyin) Appendix A unit of Area (1 mu = 0.667 hectares) Mu Banning of grazing Jinmu big river Muren (Mongolian) Building a water saving society Jieshuixing Shehui Jianshe Caohai Farmers Association Caohai Nongmin Xiehui Closing a mountain for restoration, Mountain seal – off for forest regeneration Fengshan Yulin Commercial Area and/or Business Area Jingyingqu Construction of a great northwestern area with beautiful mountains and rivers Jiangshe Shanchuan Xiumei Da Xibei Contract and shift Shousuo Zhuanyi Conversion of Farmland to Forests Tuigeng Huanlin Conversion of Farmland to Forest/grassland Tuigeng Huanlin(cao) Conversion of stock farming to forest Tuimu Huanlin Core area Hexinqu Ecological grazing Shengtai Xumuye Ecological migration grant Shengtai Yimin...

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