Show Less

Investigating Specialized Discourse

Third Revised Edition

Maurizio Gotti

Investigating Specialized Discourse is a shortened and revised textbook edition of the monograph Specialized Discourse (2003). This book analyses the various features of specialized discourse in order to assess its degree of specificity and diversification, as compared to general language. Prior to any analysis of such traits, the notion of specialized discourse and its distinctive properties are clarified. The presence of such properties is accounted for not only in linguistic but also in pragmatic terms since the approach is interpretative rather than merely descriptive. Indeed, the complexity of this discourse calls for a multidimensional analysis, covering both lexis and morpho-syntax as well as textual patterning. Some lexical aspects, morpho-syntactic features and textual genres are also examined from a diachronic perspective, thus showing how various conventions concerning specialized discourse have developed over the last centuries.

Prices

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Contents - 5

Extract

Contents I. Defining the Notion of ‘Specialized Discourse’ .............................. 9 1. The issue of terminology ............................................................... 14 2. The multi-dimensional nature of specialized discourse ................. 16 3. General features of specialized discourse ...................................... 20 Linguistic Features II. Lexical Features of Specialized Discourse .................................... 25 1. Monoreferentiality ......................................................................... 25 2. Lack of emotion ............................................................................. 26 3. Precision ........................................................................................ 27 4. Transparency ................................................................................. 28 5. Conciseness ................................................................................... 31 6. Conservatism ................................................................................. 32 6.1. Reforming legal discourse ..................................................... 33 7. Redundancy in specialized discourse ............................................ 37 8. The relationship with general language ......................................... 40 9. Metaphor in specialized discourse ................................................. 42 10. Lexical productivity ....................................................................... 46 III. Syntactic Features of Specialized Discourse ................................. 49 1. Omission of phrasal elements ........................................................ 49 2. Expressive conciseness .................................................................. 51 3. Premodification ............................................................................. 55 4. Nominalization .............................................................................. 58 5. Lexical density ............................................................................... 61 6. Sentence complexity ...................................................................... 63 7. Sentence length .............................................................................. 65 8. Use of verb tenses .......................................................................... 70 9. Use of the passive .......................................................................... 74 10. Depersonalisation .......................................................................... 76 IV. Textual Features of Specialized Discourse ................................... 79 1. Anaphoric reference ...................................................................... 79 2. Use of conjunctions ....................................................................... 83 3. Thematic sequence ........................................................................ 84 4. Text genres .................................................................................... 87 5. Textual organisation ...................................................................... 92 6. Speech acts .................................................................................... 98 7. Argumentative pattern ................................................................. 100 Changing Conventions V. The Development of Specialized Discourse in the 17th Century ...................................................................... 107 1. Developments in specialized lexis ............................................... 110 2. The opaqueness of language ........................................................ 113 3. The transparency of language ...................................................... 115 4. The conciseness of language ....................................................... 117 5. The evolution of the syntax of specialized texts .......................... 120 6. Conclusions ................................................................................. 122 VI. The Origins of the Experimental Essay ...................................... 123 1. The main features of experimental essays .................................... 125 1.1. Brevity ................................................................................. 126 1.2. Lack of assertiveness ........................................................... 129 1.3. Perspicuity ........................................................................... 130...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.