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Crossed Words: Criticism in Scholarly Writing

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Françoise Salager-Meyer and Beverly Lewin

In order for science to advance, previous research findings must be reviewed and criticized. However, conveying criticism is particularly difficult for scientists who must, at the same time, try to maintain an impersonal stance. This co-edited collection of independent studies written by scholars from many different countries addresses the thorny issue of criticism in science through discourse analysis of written scientific texts.
The research reported in this volume deals with questions such as: 1) how criticism is conveyed by various linguistic communities, such as Serbian, French, Spanish, German and English; 2) how criticism is handled in various genres, with examples drawn from book reviews, referees’ reports, research articles, editorials, and review/meta-analysis papers; 3) the extent to which criticism is influenced by academic discipline, with findings from linguistics, economics, biology, business, musicology, chemistry, literary research, medicine, and physics, and 4) the impact interpersonal considerations have on the linguistic realization of criticism.
The conclusions reached by these contributions have implications for both the academic world and society at large in the sense that a fuller understanding of how criticism is expressed will help in the education of future scholars and in the understanding of the social construction of knowledge.

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Notes on Contributors 365

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Notes on Contributors MARÍA ÁNGELES ALCARAZ ARIZA is a Tenured Lecturer and re- searcher at the University of Alicante (Spain), where she teaches Eng- lish for Medicine and Health Sciences at a postgraduate level. She also teaches English for Tourism at both undergraduate and postgraduate level. Her research interests are related to the analysis of English-, French- and Spanish-written medical discourse. After dealing with the analysis of criticism in medical research papers and book reviews, she is currently analysing the section of acknowledgments in different types of medical academic and professional genres (research papers, review papers and case reports). ESMAT BABAII is Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics at Tarbiat Moallem University, Iran, where she teaches research methods, lan- guage assessment and discourse analysis to graduate and undergrad- uate students. She serves as an associate editor of the Asian EFL Journal and is also a member of the System review panel. She has published articles and book chapters dealing with issues in Systemic Functional Linguistics, test-taking processes and strategies, English for Academic Purposes, and critical approaches to the study of culture and language. She has worked as Persian language consultant with a number of international organizations involved in learning and assess- ing Less Commonly Taught Languages. JULIE BRADSHAW has a PhD from the University of York, U.K., and is a Senior Lecturer in Linguistics in the School of Languages, Cul- tures and Linguistics at Monash University. Her interests include mul- tilingualism and language maintenance, the sociolinguistic aspects of second language...

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