4. Text Complexity, Participant Identification and Cohesion in the Corpus 123
4. Text Complexity, Participant Identification and Cohesion in the Corpus The investigation conducted in this chapter aims to explain how the choice and use of certain cohesive items and structures contribute to the complexity of some tests of the corpus. It also focuses on the bearing that these choices are likely to have on the successful completion of the tasks, that is, on test difficulty. The analyses carried out will mainly concern reference items, but in some cases other relevant cohesive structures and patterns, including thematic structure and lexical cohesion, will be taken into account. The framework for the analysis of reference is mainly based on Martin’s (1992) Participant Identification system, and the main working hypothesis underlying this part of the study is that, generally speaking, correctly retrieving the identity of the ‘participants’ in a given input text is fundamental to the successful completion of the accompanying reading comprehension tasks. The term ‘participant’ will be used here to indicate the ‘people’, ‘entities’, ‘places’, and ‘things’ that are introduced in a text and are made reference to in the text itself and in the related tasks. The present chapter is organised as follows: in section 4.1 the ‘tracking system’ network and the central Participant Identification system network will be introduced and the relevant literature on them reviewed; in order to clarify some relevant features of the linguistic model within which this part of the research project was conducted, in section 4.2 the systemic functional perspective on semantics, lexicogrammar, and the textual...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.